Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Heat Transfer Analysis for a Winged Reentry Flight Test Bed
Antonio Viviani, Giuseppe Pezzella
Pages - 330 - 345     |    Revised - 05-08-2009     |    Published - 01-09-2009
Volume - 3   Issue - 3    |    Publication Date - June 2009  Table of Contents
Atmospheric Reentry, Aerothermochemistry, Nonequilibirum Hypersonic Flow, Aeroheating, Thermal Protection System
In this paper we deal with the aero-heating analysis of a reentry flight demonstrator helpful to the research activities for the design and development of a possible winged Reusable Launch Vehicle. In fact, to reduce risks in the development of next generation reusable launch vehicles, as first step it is suitable to gain deep design knowledge by means of extensive numerical computations, in particular for the aero-thermal environment the vehicle has to withstand during reentry. The demonstrator under study is a reentry space glider, to be used both as Crew Rescue Vehicle and Crew Transfer Vehicle for the International Space Station. It is designed to have large atmospheric manoeuvring capability, to test the whole path from the orbit down to subsonic speeds and then to the landing on a conventional runway. Several analysis tools are integrated in the framework of the vehicle aerothermal design. Between the others, we used computational analyses to simulate aerothermodynamic flowfield around the spacecraft and heat flux distributions over the vehicle surfaces for the assessment of the vehicle Thermal Protection System design. Heat flux distributions, provided for equilibrium conditions of radiation at wall and thermal shield emissivity equal to 0.85, highlight that the vehicle thermal shield has to withstand with about 1500 [kW/m2] and 400 [kW/m2] at nose and wing leading edge, respectively. Therefore, the fast developing new generation of thermal protection materials, such as Ultra High Temperature Ceramics, are available candidate to built the thermal shield in the most solicited vehicle parts. On the other hand, away from spacecraft leading edges, due to the low angle of attack profile followed by the vehicle during descent, the heat flux is close to values attainable with conventional heat shield. Also, the paper shows that the flying test bed is able to validate hypersonic aerothermodynamic design database and passenger experiments, including thermal shield and hot structures, giving confidence that a full-scale development can successfully proceed.
CITED BY (5)  
1 Viviani, A., & Pezzella, G. (2015). Launchers: Present and Future. In Aerodynamic and Aerothermodynamic Analysis of Space Mission Vehicles (pp. 767-867). Springer International Publishing.
2 Minisci, E., & Vasile, M. (2013). Robust Design of a Reentry Unmanned Space Vehicle by Multifidelity Evolution Control. AIAA journal, 51(6), 1284-1295.
3 Giuseppe Pezzella , “Aerodynamic Design of the Vertical Takeoff Hopper Concept of Future Launchers Preparatory Programme”, Applied Computational Fluid Dynamics, pp. 177-200.
4 L. Hou, H. Li, P. Yu and G. Liang, “A New Multi-disciplinary Robust Optimization Method for Micro Re-entering Lifting-Body Design”, Engineering Recent Advances in Computer Science and Information Engineering Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 126, pp. 515-524, 2012.
5 E. Minisci and M. Vasile, “Robust design of a re-entry unmanned space vehicle by multi-fidelity evolution control”, Proceeding GECCO '11 in 13th annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation ACM New York, NY, USA ©2011.
1 Google Scholar 
2 Academic Journals Database 
3 ScientificCommons 
4 Academic Index 
5 CiteSeerX 
6 refSeek 
7 iSEEK 
8 Socol@r  
9 ResearchGATE 
10 Libsearch 
11 Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE) 
12 Scribd 
13 WorldCat 
14 SlideShare 
15 PdfSR 
Dumbacher D., “NASA's Second Generation Reusable Launch Vehicle Program Introduction, Status and Future Plans”. 38th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, Indianapolis, Indiana, July 7-10, 2002. AIAA-2002-3613.
[10] Jeroen Buursink, Kees Sudmeijer, “Experimental Studies of an Enhanced Radiation Cooling System”. Space 2004 Conference and Exhibit, San Diego, California, Sep. 28-30, 2004. AIAA-2004-5827.
[11] Smith S., Reuther J., Kinney D., Saunders D., “Low speed aerodynamics and landing characteristics of Sharp-class Crew Transfer Vehicle concepts”. AIAA Thermophysics Conference, 35th, Anaheim, CA, June 11-14, 2001. AIAA-2001-2888.
[12] Gomg L., Ko W.L., Quinn R.D., “Thermal Response of Space Shuttle Wing During Reentry Heating”, NASA TM 85907, June 1984.
[13] Viviani A., Pezzella G., Cinquegrana D., “Aerothermodynamic Analysis of an Apollo-like Reentry Vehicle”, AIAA-2006-8082.
[14] Tauber E., “A review of High-Speed, Convective, Heat-Transfer Computation Methods”, NASA TP-2914, Jul 1989
[15] Anderson J. D., “Hypersonic and High Temperature Gas Dynamics”, McGraw-Hill series in Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering. N1989.
[16] Cheng H.K., Chang A.L., “Stagnation Region in Rarefied High Mach Number Flow”, AIAA J. Vol.1, n°1, Jan 1963
[17] Loomis M., Palmer G., “Pre-flight CFD analysis of arc jet and flight environments for the SHARP-B2 flight experiment”. Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 39th, Reno, NV, Jan. 8-11, 2001. AIAA-2001-982.
[18] Kinney, D. J., Bowles, J. V., Yang, L. H., Roberts, C. D., “Conceptual design of a 'SHARP' – CTV”. AIAA Thermophysics Conference, 35th, Anaheim, CA, June 11-14, 2001. AIAA-2001-2887.
[19] Zuniga F., Cliff S., Kinney D., Hawke V., Tang C., Smith S., “Vehicle Design of a Sharp CTV Concept Using a Virtual Flight Rapid Integration Test Environment”. AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference and Exhibit, Monterey, California, Aug. 5-8, 2002.AIAA-2002-4881.
[20] Johnson S., Gasch M., Leiser D., Stewart D., Stackpool M., Thornton J., Espinoza C., “Development of New TPS at NASA Ames RC”. 15th AIAA Inter. Space Planes and Hypersonic Systems and Technologies Conference, Dayton, Ohio, Apr. 28-1, 2008. AIAA-2008-2560.
[2] Whitmore S., Dunbar B., “Orbital Space Plane, Past, Present, and Future”. AIAA International Air and Space Symposium and Exposition: The Next 100 Years, Dayton, Ohio, July 14-17, 2003. AIAA-2003-2718
[3] Rasky D., “Access from Space: A New Perspective on NASA's Space Transportation Technology Requirements and Opportunities”. Space 2004 Conference and Exhibit, San Diego, California, Sep. 28-30, 2004. AIAA-2004-6103.
[4] Reuther, J., Kinney, D., Smith, S., Kontinos, D., Gage, P., Saunders, D., “A Reusable Space Vehicle Design Study Exploring Sharp Leading Edges”. AIAA Thermophysics Conference, 35th, Anaheim, CA, June 11-14, 2001. AIAA-2001-2884
[5] Saunders, D., Allen, G. Jr., Gage, P., Reuther, J., “Crew Transfer Vehicle Trajectory Optimization”. AIAA Thermophysics Conference, 35th, Anaheim, CA, June 11-14, 2001. AIAA-2001-2885.
[6] Kolodziej, P., Bowles, J. V., Roberts, C., “Optimizing Hypersonic Sharp Body Concepts from a Thermal Protection System Perspective”. AIAA International Space Planes and Hypersonic Systems and Technologies Conference, 8th, Norfolk, VA, Apr. 27-30, 1998, Collection of Technical Papers (A98-27876 06-15).AIAA-1998-1610.
[7] Chen, Y. K., Milos, F. S., Bull, J. D., Squire, T. H., “Integrated analysis tool for ultra-high temperature ceramic slender-body reentry vehicles”. Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 37th, Reno, NV, Jan. 11-14, 1999. AIAA-1999-350.
[8] Kontinos D. A., Gee K., Prabbu D. K., “Temperature constraints at the sharp leading edge of a Crew Transfer Vehicle”. AIAA Thermophysics Conference, 35th, Anaheim, CA, June 11-14, 2001. AIAA-2001-2886.
[9] Lee C. H., Park S. O., “Aerothermal performance constraints for small radius nosetip at high altitude”.
Professor Antonio Viviani
- Italy
Dr. Giuseppe Pezzella
- Italy

View all special issues >>