Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
Publications from CSC-OpenAccess Library are being accessed from over 158 countries worldwide.
Novel Cost-effective Technique for Continued Operation of Electrical Equipment During Voltage Sag
Shiva K. Sadula, Rajab Challoo, Xingang Fu, Shuhui Li
Pages - 12 - 47     |    Revised - 31-01-2021     |    Published - 28-02-2021
Volume - 13   Issue - 1    |    Publication Date - February 2021  Table of Contents
Voltage Sag, Industrial, Equipment, Control, Power, Cost-effective.
This research focuses on mitigating voltage sags at the control level through a cost-effective method using mini dynamic sag corrector at low voltage systems and proposing control level embedded solutions for equipment design and modifying the technical aspects of electrical devices to facilitate the control circuit to ride-through voltage sags. Voltage sags also known as “dips” are a common cause of power disturbances. These are temporary voltage drops below 90% of the nominal voltage caused by a sudden increase in loads or short circuits and faults lasting up to 170ms. Voltage sag in distribution networks can adversely affect sensitive electrical equipment in industrial processes, such as production and manufacturing, resulting in substantial financial losses of up to $1.5 million/day. Various types of electrical equipment are susceptible to voltage sags but are not limited to power supplies, relays, contactors, variable frequency drives, and programmable logic controllers. In this method, the cost-effective MiniDySCs were installed in the industrial plant to compensate for the missing voltage in the lines during a sag event. Also, modifications to technical aspects of Contactors, Relays, and VFDs are proposed to provide more robust results for the control circuits to ride through voltage sags even up to 40% of the nominal voltage-drop.
1 M. H. Bollen. Understanding Power Quality Problems: voltage sags and interruptions, IEEE Press, New York, September 1999.
2 K.P.J. Macken, M.H. Bollen, and R.J.M. Belmans. Mitigation of voltage dips through distributed generation systems, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 40 (6), November 2004.
3 D. Hucker. “Aircraft a.c. Electric system power quality,” National Aerospace Electronics Conference, Dayton OH, USA, May 1970.
4 R.H. McFadden. “How does plant power distribution design affect today's machine tools?,” Electrical Construction Design, October 1969.
5 S. Kamble and C. Thorat. Characteristics Analysis of Voltage Sag in Distribution System using RMS Voltage Method, ACEEE Int. J. on Electrical and Power Engineering, Vol. 03, No. 01, February 2012.
6 M. McGranaghan. “Effects of voltage sags in process industry applications,” Stockholm PowerTech International Symposium on Electric Power Engineering, Stockholm, June 1995.
7 M. Stephens. “EPRI Power Quality Webinar,” October 22, 2015. URL: https://www.sceg.com/docs/librariesprovider5/pdfs/power-quality-webinar-10-22-15.pdf?sfvrsn=2 Last accessed [February 19, 2021].
8 M.M. Sankar, S.B.L. Seksena. A cost-effective voltage sag compensator for distribution system, International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management, Vol. 8, July 2015, pp. 56-64.
9 A.M. Saeed, S.H.E.A. Aleem, A.M. Ibrahim, M.E. Balci, E.E.A. El-Zahab. Power conditioning using dynamic voltage restorers under different voltage sag types, Journal of Advanced Research, Vol. 7, Issue 1, January 2016, pp. 95-103.
10 A.K. Kapse, C. M. Bobade. Review of Voltage Sag Compensation Techniques, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Vol. 5, Issue 4, April 2016
11 A.M. Eltamaly, Y. Sayed, A,H. Ahmed, A.N.A. Elghaffar. Mitigation Voltage Sag Using DVR with Power Distribution Networks for Enhancing the Power System Quality, International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Applied Sciences (IJEEAS), Vol. 1, No. 2, October 2018
12 A. Safdarian, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, M. Lehtonen. A General Framework for Voltage Sag Performance Analysis of Distribution Networks, Energies Journal, July 2019
13 C. Behera, A. Banik, A.K. Goswami. A novel approach for voltage sag representation in a chemical industry: A case study, wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/eng2 , May 2020
14 A. Moghassemi, S. Padmanaban. Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR): A Comprehensive Review of Topologies, Power Converters, Control Methods, and Modified Configurations, Energies Journal, August 2020
15 M. Stephens, D. Johnson, J. Soward, and J. Ammenheuser. “Guide for the Design of Semiconductor Equipment to Meet Voltage Sag Immunity Standards,” Technology Transfer # 99063760B-TR, International SEMATECH, December 1999.
16 “Voltage sag immunity standards by SEMI F47, EPRI, power quality” bulletin no.3, August 2007. URL: https://www.pge.com/includes/docs/pdfs/about/news/outagestatus/powerquality/power_quality_bulletin-issue_no.3-volt_sagImm_std-8-10-07.pdf Last accessed [February 19, 2021].
17 M. Johns and L. Morgan. “Voltage sag mitigation through ride-through coordination,” IEEE annual textile fiber & film industry technical conference, May 1994.
18 A. V. Pandey and S. Shakil. Power Quality enhancement & Sag mitigation using Dynamic Voltage Restorer, Scientific and Engineering research, June 2013.
19 W.E. Brum Sickle, R.S. Schneider, G.A. Luck jiff and D.M. Divan. “Cost-Effective Industrial Power Line Conditioning,” February 2001. URL: https://www.google.com/search?q=%5B19%5D%09W.E.+Brum+Sickle,+R.S.+Schneider,+G.A.+Luck+jif+and+D.M.+Divan.+%E2%80%9CCost-Effective+Industrial+Power+Line+Conditioning,%E2%80%9D+February+2001.&spell=1&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiLr67xg_fuAhXEGc0KHYOXCnYQBSgAegQIBhAv&biw=1071&bih=960 Last accessed [February 19, 2021].
20 J.B. Klaassens. Series-resonant single-phase AC-DC power supply with control of reactive power, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, February 1992.
21 M. Stephens. “Power Quality and Utilization guide PQ in Continuous Manufacturing,” EPRI Solutions, January 2006.
22 Cigre Task Force C4.1.02, 2005. “Voltage Dip Evaluation and Prediction Tools,” Draft November 2005.
23 A.N. St. John. “AROUND THE WORLD,” IEEE San Diego Gas & Electric San Diego,” Survey of recent Voltage Sag papers from CA, May 1993.
24 G.C. Paap. Symmetrical components in the time domain and their application to power network calculations, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, May 2000.
25 PQSI, “Configurations for Coil-lock hold in devices,” Power Quality Solutions Inc., November 2016.
26 D.L. Plette. “The effects of improved power quality on utilization equipment,” IEEE National Aerospace Electronics Conference, May 1969.
27 D. Almeida. Technical and economic considerations in the application of variable-speed drives with electric motor systems, IEEE Transaction on industry applications, Vol 41, No 1, January/February 2005.
28 R.A. Eperly, F.L. Hoadley and R.W. Piefer. Considerations when applying ASD’s in continuous processes, IEEE transactions on industry applications, April 1997.
Mr. Shiva K. Sadula
Tesla, 45500 Fremont Blvd, Fremont, CA 94538 - United States of America
Professor Rajab Challoo
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, Kingsville, TX 78363-8202 - United States of America
Dr. Xingang Fu
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, Kingsville, TX 78363-8202 - United States of America
Professor Shuhui Li
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 - United States of America