Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
Publications from CSC-OpenAccess Library are being accessed from over 158 countries worldwide.
The Evaluation of Soil Liquefaction Potential using Shear Wave Velocity based on Empirical Relationships
Mehrad Khalil Noutash, Rouzbeh Dabiri, Masoud Hajialilue Bonab
Pages - 218 - 232     |    Revised - 15-07-2012     |    Published - 10-08-2012
Volume - 6   Issue - 4    |    Publication Date - August 2012  Table of Contents
Liquefaction, Standard Penetration Test (SPT), Shear Wave Velocity (Vs), Liquefaction Potential Index (PL), South of Tehran
The liquefaction resistance of soils can be evaluated using laboratory tests such as cyclic simple shear, cyclic triaxial, cyclic torsional shear as well as such field methods as; Standard Penetration Test (SPT), Cone Penetration Test (CPT) and Shear Wave Velocity (Vs). This research attempts to compare the results of two field methods used to evaluate liquefaction resistance of soil, i.e. SPT based on simplified procedure proposed by Seed and Idriss (1985) and shear wave velocity (Vs) on the basis of Andrus and Stokoe (2004) process using empirical relationships between them . Iwasaki (1982) method is used to measure the liquefaction potential index for both of them. The study area is a part of south and southeast of Tehran. It is observed that there is not a perfect agreement between the results of two methods based on five empirical relationships assuming cemented and non-cemented condition for soils. Liquefaction potential index (PL) value in SPT test is more than Vs method.
CITED BY (2)  
1 Hartantyo, E., Brotopuspito, K. S., & Sismanto, W. (2015, April). Predicting the liquefaction phenomena from shear velocity profiling: Empirical approach to 6.3 Mw, May 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake. in 4th international symposium on earthquake and disaster mitigation 2014 (ISEDM 2014) (Vol. 1658, p. 030017). AIP Publishing.
2 Ates, A., Keskin, I., Totiç, E., & Yesil, B. (2014). Investigation of Soil Liquefaction Potential around Efteni Lake in Duzce Turkey: Using Empirical Relationships between Shear Wave Velocity and SPT Blow Count (N). Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 2014.
1 Google Scholar 
2 CiteSeerX 
3 refSeek 
4 Scribd 
5 SlideShare 
6 PdfSR 
1 Seed H B, Idriss I. M. "Simplified Procedure for Evaluating Soil Liquefaction Potential",Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, ASCE , Vol .97 ,SM9, pp 1249-1273, 1971.
2 Seed H B, Idriss I. M. "Ground Motion and Soil Liquefaction during Earthquakes", EERI,ASCE, Vol.109, No.3, pp 458-482, 1982.
3 Seed H B, Idriss I M, Arongo I. "Evaluation of Liquefaction Potential Using Field Performance Data", journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE,Vol.109,NO.3,pp 458-482,1982.
4 Seed H. B, Tokimatso K, Harder L. F. "The influence of SPT procedures in soil liquefaction resistance evaluation", Geotechnical engineering, ASCE, No.111, Vol.12, 1985.
5 Hardin B. O., Drnevich V. P. "Shear Modulus and Damping in Soils: Design Equation and Curve", Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundation, Division, ASCE, Vol. 98, SM7, pp. 667-692, 1972.
6 Kramer S. "Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering", Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1996.
7 Ishihara K. "Soil Behaviour in Earthquake Geotechnics", Oxford Engineering Science Series.Oxford University Press, 1996.
8 Rauch A. F., Duffy M, Stokoe K. H. "Laboratory correlation of liquefaction resistance with shear wave velocity", Geotechnical Special Publishing, 110, pp 66–80, 2000.
9 Huang Y. T., Huang A. B., Kuo Y. C., Tsai M. D. "A laboratory study on the undrained strength of a silty sand from Central Western Taiwan", Soil dynamic and Earthquake Engineering, Vol.24, pp 733–743, 2004.
10 Chen Y. M., Ke H., Chen R. P. "Correlation of shear wave velocity with liquefaction resistance based on laboratory tests", Soil Dynamic and Earthquake Engineering, Vol.25,No.6, pp. 461–469, 2005.
11 Zhou Y G, Chen Y M, Huang B "Experimental study of seismic cyclic loading effects on small strain shear modulus of saturated sands", Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE,6A(3),pp 229-236, 2005.
12 Ning Liu S M, Mitchell J K, Hon M. "Influence of non plastic fines on shear wave velocitybased assessment of liquefaction", Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenviromental Engineering, Vol. 132, No. 8, pp 1091-1097, 2006.
13 Zhou Y G, Chen Y M "Laboratory investigation on assessing liquefaction resistance of sandy soils by shear wave velocity", Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE,133(8),pp 959-972, 2007.
14 Baxter C D P, Bradshaw A S, Green R A, Wang J. "Correlation Between Cyclic Resistance and Shear Wave Velocity for providence silts", Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenviromental Engineering, Vol.134, No. 1, pp 37-46, 2008.
15 Askari F, Dabiri R, Shafiee A and Jafari M K "Liquefaction Resistance of Sand-Silt Mixtures using Laboratory based Shear Wave Velocity", International Journal of Civil Engineering,Vol.9, No.2, pp. 135-144, 2011.
16 Andrus R D "In-situ characterization of gravelly soils that liquefied in the 1983 Borah Peak Earthquake", Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Texas, 1994.
17 Dabiri R, Askari F, Shafiee A and Jafari M K "Shear Wave Velocity-based Liquefaction Resistance of Sand-Silt Mixtures: Deterministic versus Probabilistic Approuch", Iranian Journal of Science and Technology- Transaction of Civil Engineering, Vol.35, No.C2,pp.199-215, 2011.
18 Lodge A L "Shear Wave Velocity Measurements for Subsurface Characterization. Ph.d Dissertation" , University of California at Berkeley, 1994.
19 Kayabali K "Soil Liquefaction Evaluation Using Shear Wave Velocity", Engineering Geology,Vol.44,No.4,pp 121-127, 1996.
20 Andrus R D, Stokoe K H "Liquefaction Resistance Based on Shear Wave Velocity. NCEER Workshop on Evaluation of Liquefaction Resistance of Soils", Technical Report NCEER-97-0022,T.L.Youd and I.M. Idriss, Eds., held 4-5January 1996, Salt lake City, UT, National Center for Earthquake engineering Research,Buffalo,NY,pp 89-128, 1997.
21 Juang C H, C J Chen "CPT-based liquefaction analysis, Part 1: Determination of limit state function", Geotechnique, Vol. 50, No. 5, pp 583-592, 2000.
22 Andrus R D, Stokoe K H "Liquefaction resistance of soils from shear wave velocity",ASCE, 126 (11),pp 1015 – 1025, 2000.
23 Iwasaki T, et al. "Microzonation for soil liquefaction potential using simplified methods",Proceeding, 1982, pp.1319-1330.
24 Shafiee A, Kamalian M, Jafari M K and Hamzehloo H "Ground Motion Studies for Microzonation in Iran", Natural Hazard, pp.1-25, 2011.
25 Andrus R D, Stokoe K H, Juang C H "Guide for Shear-Wave-Based Liquefaction Potential Evaluation", Eartquake Spectra, 2004.
26 Jafari M. K., Shafiee A. and Razmkhah A "Dynamic Properties of Fine Grained Soils in South of Tehran", Journal of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering, Vol.4, No.1, pp.25-35, 2002
27 Idriss I M "Evaluation of Liquefaction Potential, Consequences and Mitigation—An Update,Presentation Notes for Geotechnical Society Meeting", Held 17 Feb. 1998, Vancover,Canada.
28 Idriss I M. An Update of the Seed-Idriss Simplified Procedure For Evaluation Liquefaction Potential, Presentation Notes for Transportation Research Board Workshop on New Approaches to Liquefaction Analysis, Held 10 Jan. 1999, Washington D.C.
29 Skempton A. K."Standard Penetration Test Procedures and the Effects in Sands of Overburden Pressure, Relative Density, Particle Size, Aging and Overconsolidation",Journal of Geotechnique,Vol.36,No.3,pp.425-447, 1986.
30 Hynes M E, Olsen R S "Influence of Confining Stress on Liquefaction Resistnce.Proc.International workshop on Physics and Mechanics of Soil Liquefaction, Balkema,Rotterdom, The Netherlands, pp 145-152, 1999.
Mr. Mehrad Khalil Noutash
- Iran
Dr. Rouzbeh Dabiri
- Iran
Dr. Masoud Hajialilue Bonab
- Iran