Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Full Text Available

This is an Open Access publication published under CSC-OpenAccess Policy.
Publications from CSC-OpenAccess Library are being accessed from over 158 countries worldwide.
Fast Mobile IPv6 Handover Using Link and Location Information
Mahmud Mansour, Mohamed Alnas
Pages - 174 - 184     |    Revised - 31-05-2015     |    Published - 30-06-2015
Volume - 9   Issue - 3    |    Publication Date - May / June 2015  Table of Contents
Mobile IP, Link Layer Information, Global Position Systems, Fast Handover, Handover Latency, Packet Loss.
There are two causes of latency in mobile handover: the move detection latency and registration latency. This delay is inherent in the round-trip incurred by Mobile IP as the registration request is sent to the home agent and the response sent back to the foreign agent. Throughout the time between Mobile Node (MN) leaving the old foreign network (oFN) and Home Agent (HA) receiving the MN registration message, HA does not know MN's latest Care of Address (CoA), and therefore it still forwards the packets destined for MN to the old foreign network. These packets will be discarded and lost.

This paper present an improved link layer mechanism with Location information Provider. Global position systems GPS used to assist FMIPv6 for fast handovers and reduced packet loss during handover. We introduce a new link layer combined with Location information Provider signalling in this algorithm accordingly. Further, we report the implementation details performed through simulations.

Therefore, link layer information and Location information Provider allows an MN and FAs to predict the loss of connectivity more quickly than the L3 advertisement based algorithm. The simulations evidence performance improvements in terms of latency and packet loss. It is also shown that by enabling Location information Provider inside the FA discovery method and improving link layer event services, an MN can be well prepared for handover and perform faster movements.
1 Google Scholar 
2 CiteSeerX 
3 refSeek 
4 TechRepublic 
5 Scribd 
6 SlideShare 
7 PdfSR 
1 D. Johnson, C. Perkins, and J. Arkko. ”Mobility Supportin IPv6”. Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), RFC-3775, June 2004.
2 C. E. Perkins, “Mobile Networking through Mobile IP”, Internet Computing, IEEE, vol. 2, pp. 58–69, 1998.
3 H. Soliman, C. Castelluccia, K. E. Malki, and L. Bellier.”Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 Mobility Management (HMIPv6)”. Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), RFC-4140, August 2005.
4 P. Bhagwat, C. Perkins and S. Tripathi, “Network Layer Mobility: an Architecture and Survey”, IEEE Personal Communications, vol. 3, pp. 54–64, 1996.
5 H. Balakrishnan, V. N. Padmanabhan, S. Seshan and R. H. Katz, “A Comparison of Mechanisms for Improving TCP Performance over Wireless Links”, IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, vol. 5, pp. 756–769, 1997.
6 S. Mohanty and I. F. Akyildiz, “A Cross-layer (Layer 2 + 3) Handoff Management Protocol for Next-Generation Wireless Systems”, Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 5, pp. 1347–1360, 2006.
7 I. F. Akyildiz, X. Jiang and S. Mohanty, “A Survey of Mobility Management in Nextgeneration All-IP-Based Wireless Systems”, IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 11, pp. 16–28, 2004.
8 I. F. Akyildiz, “Mobility Management for Next Generation Wireless Systems”, Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 87, no. 8, pp. 1347–84, August 1999.
9 J. Puttonen, “Using Link Layer Information for Improving Vertical Handovers”, 16th International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications IEEE, 2005.
10 H. Chung-Ming, C. Meng-Shu and L. Jin-Wei, “A Link Layer Assisted Fast Handoff Scheme Using the Alternative Path Approach”, 20th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications, 2006.
11 F. Fang and D. S. Reeves, “Explicit Proactive Handoff with Motion Prediction for Mobile IP”, 2004 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, WCNC 2004, vol. 2, pp. 855–860, 2004.
12 S. Oh, H. Song and Y. Kim, “Seamless Fast Handover in Mobile IPv4 Using Layer-2 Triggers”, 2nd International Conference on Systems and Networks Communications, ICSNC 2007, pp. 16–16. 2007.
13 S. Thalanany, “Low Latency Handoffs in Mobile IPv4”, draft-ietf-mobileip-lowlatencyhandoffs-v4-04.txt, June 2002.
14 K. El-Malki and H. Soliman, “Fast Handoffs in Mobile IPv4”, Internet draft, draft-emalkimobileip-fast-handoffs-03.txt, September 2000.
15 S. Oh, H. Song and Y. Kim, “Seamless Fast Handover in Mobile IPv4 Using Layer-2 Triggers,” in Systems and Networks Communications, ICSNC 2007, 2nd International Conference, pp. 16-16, 2007.
16 R. Koodli and C. E. Perkins, “Mobile IPv4 Fast Handovers”, Internet draft, Internet Engineering Task Force, draft-ietf-mip4-fmip, February 2006.
17 R. Hsiehet, “S-MIP: a Seamless Handoff Architecture for Mobile IP”, Proceedings of INFOCOM 2003, March 2003.
18 G. Dommety and T. Ye, “Local and Indirect Registration for Anchoring Handoffs”, draftdommety-mobileip-anchorhandoff-01.txt, July 2000.
19 Columbia University, Columbia IP Micro-Mobility Software, http://www.comet.columbia.edu/micromobility/.index.html.
20 G. Pollini, “Trends in Handover Design”, IEEE Communications Magazine, 34, 3, 80–90, March 1996.
21 S. Goswami, “Simultaneous Handoff of Mobile-IPv4 and 802.11”, Internet Draft, IETF, draft-goswami-mobileip-simultaneous-handoff-v4- 02.txt, February 2003
22 H. Chung-Ming, C. Meng-Shu and L. Jin-Wei, “A link layer assisted fast handoff scheme using the alternative path approach,” in Advanced Information Networking and Applications: 20th International Conference, pp. 5, 2006.
Associate Professor Mahmud Mansour
Mahmud Faculty of Information Technology Department of Network Engineering Tripoli University Tripoli, Libya - Libya
Dr. Mohamed Alnas
School of Informatics, Mobile Computing Network and Security Research Group University of Bradford Bradford, UK - United Kingdom