Home   >   CSC-OpenAccess Library   >    Manuscript Information
Heat Transfer Enhancement Using Aluminium Oxide Nanofluid: Effect of the Base Fluid
Meriem Amoura, Madjid Benmoussa
Pages - 1 - 9     |    Revised - 31-03-2019     |    Published - 30-04-2019
Volume - 8   Issue - 1    |    Publication Date - April 2019  Table of Contents
Al2O3 Nanoparticles, Circular Tube, Heat Transfer enhancement, Numerical Simulation.
The flow and heat transfer is an important phenomenon in engineering systems due to its wide application in electronic cooling, heat exchangers, double pane windows etc.. The enhancement of heat transfer in these systems is an essential topic from an energy saving perspective. The lower heat transfer performance when conventional fluids, such as water, engine oil and ethylene glycol are used hinders improvements in performance and a consequent reduction in the size of such systems. The use of solid particles as an additive suspended into the base fluid is a technique for heat transfer enhancement. Therefore, the heat transfer enhancement in a horizontal circular tube that is maintained at a constant temperature under laminar regime has been investigated numerically. A computational code applied to the problem by use of the finite volume method was developed. Nanofluid was made by dispersion of Al2O3 nanoparticles in pur water and ethylene glycol. Results illustrate that the suspended nanoparticles increase the heat transfer with an increase in the nanoparticles volume fraction and for a considered range of Reynolds numbers. And in other hand, the heat transfer is very sensitive to the base fluid.
1 Google Scholar 
2 refSeek 
3 BibSonomy 
4 Doc Player 
5 Scribd 
6 SlideShare 
B.C. Pak and Y. I. Cho. �Hydrodynamic and heat transfer study of dispersed fluids�, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., Vol. 11, pp 5181-5201, 1998.
C.L. Kuang and A. Violi, �Natural convection heat transfer of nanofluids in a vertical cavity: Effects of non-uniform particle diameter and temperature on thermal conductivity�, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, No 31, pp 236�245, 2010.
C.T.Nguyen, G.Roy, C.Gauthier and N.Galaris . �Heat transfer enhancement using Al2O3-water nanofluid for an electronic liquid cooling system�, App. Therm. Eng., Vol. 27, No 8, pp 1501-1506, 2007.
D.Wen and Y.Ding [2004], �Experimental investigation into convective heat transfer of nanofluids at the entrance region under laminar flow conditions�, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, No. 47, pp 5181�5188, 2004.
E.Abu-Nada, Z.Masoud, H Oztop and A Campo. �Effect of nano?uid variable properties on natural convection in enclosures�, Int. J. Thermal Sci., No 49, pp 479-491, 2010.
Hadjisophocleous, G.V. Sousa and J.E.S. Venart, �Predicting the transientnatural convection in enclosures of arbitrary geometry using a nonorthogonal numerical model� Numer. Heat Transfer A, No. 13, pp 373�392, 1998.
L.Godson, B.Raja, D.Mohan and S.Wongwises. �Enhancement of heat transfer using nanofluids�, Renew. Sustainable Energy Rev., Vol. 14, No2, pp 629-641, 2009.
P.Garg, J.L.Alvarado, C.Marsh, T.A. Carlson, D.A.Kessler and K. Annamalai. �An experimental study on the effect of ultrasonication on viscosity and heat transfer performance of multiwall carbon nanotube-based aqueeous nanofluids�, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., Vol 52, No 21, pp 5090-5101, 2009.
R. Remesh and R. Vivekananthan, �Application of Al2O3 nanofluid for enhance heat transfer rate in shell and tube heat exchanger�, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 29-33, 2014.
R.K. Shah., �Thermal entry length solutions for the circular tube and parallel plates� Proceedings of 3rd National Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, vol. 1, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, p. HMT-11-75, 1975.
R.K. Tiwari and M.K. Das, �Heat transfer augmentation in a two-sided lid-driven differentially heated square cavity utilizing nanofluids�, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, No. 50, pp 2002�2018, 2007.
S.K Das, N Putta, P Thiesen and W Roetzel. �Temperature dependence of thermal conductivity enhancement for nanofluids�, ASME Trans. J. Heat Transfer, No. 125, pp 567�574, 2003.
S.Torii and W. J. Yang . �Heat transfer augmentation of aqueous suspensions of nano-diamonds in turbulent pipe flow�, J. Heat Transf., Vol. 131, pp 1-5, 2009.
S.U.S Choi, Z.G Zhang, W Yu, F.E Lockwood and E.A Grulke. �Anomalous thermal conductivity enhancement in nano-tube suspensions�, Applied Physics Letters, No. 79, pp. 2252�2254, 2001.
S.U.S Choi. �Developments and Applications of Non-Newtonian Flows�, Fluids Engineering Division FED, No. 231, pp 99-112, 1995.
S.V. Patankar . Computation of Conduction and Duct Flow Heat Transfer, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, New York, 1988.
S.Z.Heris, S. G. Etemad and M.N. Esfahany . �Experimental investigation of oxide nanofluids laminar flow convective heat transfer�, Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transf, Vol. 33, No 4, pp 529-535, 2006.
W.Yu, D. M.France, D. S.Smith, E. V. Timofeeva and J.L. Routbort . �Heat transfer to a Silicon Carbide/water nanofluid� , Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, Vol. 52, No. 15, pp 3606-3612, 2009.
W.Yu, D.M. France, J.L. Routbort and S.U.S. Choi. �Review and comparison of nanofluid thermal conductivity and heat transfer enhancement�, Heat transf. Eng., Vol. 29, No 5, pp 432-460, 2008.
Y Xuan and Q.Li . �Investigation on convective heat transfer and flow features of nanofluids�, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, Vol. 125, pp 151-155, 2003.
Y.Ding, H.Alias, D.Wen and R. A. Williams . Heat transfer of aqueous suspensions of Carbon nanotubes�, Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transf, Vol. 49, pp 240-250, 2006.
Y.He, Y.Jin, H.Chen, Y.Ding, D.Cang and H.Lu . �Heat transfer and flow behaviour of aqueous suspensions of TiO2 nanoparticles�, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., Vol. 50, No 11, pp 2272-2281, 2007.
Y.Li, J.Zhou, S.Tung, E.Schneider and S.Xi, �A review on development of nanofluid preparation and characterization�, PowderTechnol., Vol. 196, No 2, pp 89-101, 2009.
Y.Yang, Z.G.Zhang, E.A.Grulke, W. B. Anderson and G.Wu . �Heat transfer properties of nanoparticle in fluid dispersions�, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, Vol. 48, No. 6, pp 1107-1116, 2005.
Mrs. Meriem Amoura
Faculty of Physics/Department of Energetic, University of sciences and Technology Houari BoumedienneBP.32, Al Alia, Bab Ezzouar, Algiers, 16111, Algeria - Algeria
Mr. Madjid Benmoussa
Faculty of Physics/Department of Energetic, University of sciences and Technology Houari BoumedienneBP.32, Al Alia, Bab Ezzouar, Algiers, 16111, Algeria - Algeria

View all special issues >>